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The electric arc furnace (EAF) is the second of the two main steelmaking processes. It is the major production route for recycling steel scrap, often into higher quality steel. In this real-time simulation you must first select the appropriate type of raw material and the correct quantities. You will divide the raw material into appropriately mixed batches and then charge them into the electric arc furnace where it is melted by applying a high electric current through three graphite electrodes. Once melted, the steel is refined through the injection of carbon and oxygen, and the addition of various elements and alloys to achieve the required composition before you deliver the molten steel to a ladle.